Can we predict evolution?

It is about time that evolutionary biology develops into a predictive science. It would also be interesting if we could steer evolution. Much has already been achieved in the field of short-term predictions, but great challenges force us to look to the long term.

Can we predict evolution?

[Funded by the Origins Center]

Evolutionary biology can play an important role in solving some of the major challenges mankind faces today, such as: the development of bacterial resistance, resistance to pesticides, outbreaks of new diseases, and the adaptation of species to urbanisation and climate change. It will also become easier to promote biodiversity.

Researchers are therefore working on predicting the evolution of multicellular life through experiments with earthworms – at multiple universities. The worms are presented with a negative change the must cope with.  There are three possible evolutionary paths for the worms to take in the experiment. Subsequently, researchers observe whether the worms take the same evolutionary steps under the same conditions.

This project brings together theoretical and experimental scientists. Researchers working on digital and robotic evolution are also involved. Together they explore ways to predict evolution from the very beginning.

Project team

The project is a joint effort of a large number of research groups in the Netherlands and Belgium, who bring both experimental work and theoretical expertise to the project. The project was started by Meike Wortel and Ken Kraaijeveld, based at the Astrid Groot group at the University of Amsterdam. Principal investigators are Karen Bisschop en Thomas Blankers (group Astrid Groot, University of Amsterdam).

Origins Center Projects

Contact

Karen Bisschop

IBED, University of Amsterdam

Karen Bisschop

IBED, University of Amsterdam

Website

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Fields of interest:

The common thread of my research is the impact of the spatial and community context on adaptation. I performed evolutionary experiments with an arthropod herbivore species (Tetranychus urticae) to test its adaptation to novel host plants under different conditions. I am also intrigued by the microbiota living inside multicellular hosts and this led me to perform both field and lab work to further investigate correlations between hosts, their diet and microbiome, and how these are affected by environmental factors. Currently, I am involved in the 'Predicting Evolution' project to test how robust and predictable evolutionary results are across different institutes in The Netherlands and Belgium using Caenorhabditis elegans as a model species.

evolutionary biology, ecology, experimental evolution

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